The salmon fisheries in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) off Alaska are managed under the Fishery Management Plan for the Salmon Fisheries in the EEZ off the Coast of Alaska (salmon FMP). The salmon FMP allows a commercial troll fishery in the EEZ off Southeast Alaska, and closes the remaining EEZ off Central and Western Alaska to commercial salmon fishing. Through the salmon FMP, the NPFMC and NMFS intend to conserve and manage the salmon resources in the North Pacific Ocean. All other salmon fishing occurs either in state waters or in one of three historical State-managed net fishing areas that extend into the EEZ. The salmon FMP does not cover the fisheries in these three State managed fishing areas; Cook Inlet, Prince William Sound, and Alaska Peninsula.
The salmon FMP defers management of the commercial troll fishery in Southeast Alaska to the State of Alaska and, under the Pacific Salmon Treaty, the U.S.-Canada Pacific Salmon Commission. The Southeast Alaska troll fishery is a mixed-stock, mixed-species fishery that primarily targets chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and coho salmon (O. kisutch), with pink salmon (O. gorbuscha), chum salmon (O. keta), and sockeye salmon (O. nerka) taken incidentally.
The NMFS Northwest Region has jurisdiction over the salmon species listed as endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act.
- State of Alaska - Commercial Salmon Fisheries Management
- NMFS Alaska:
- NMFS West Coast Regional Office Salmon Management:
- Pacific Salmon Commission and Pacific Salmon Treaty