IFQ Halibut and Sablefish Fisheries
The Pacific Halibut and Sablefish Individual Fishing Quota (IFQ) Program was adopted by the North Pacific Fishery Management Council under Amendment 15 to the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Fishery Management Plan and Amendment 20 to the Gulf of Alaska Fishery Management Plan in October 1992. NMFS published a proposed rule and analysis to implement Amendments 20/15 on December 3, 1992. The final rule was published on November 9, 1993. The primary objectives of the Alaska Halibut and Sablefish IFQ Program are to: (1) eliminate gear conflicts; (2) address safety concerns; and (3) improve product quality.
Participation in the IFQ Program is limited to persons that hold Quota Share (QS), although there are several very limited provisions for “leasing” of annual IFQ. QS is a transferable permit that was initially issued to persons who owned or leased vessels that made legal commercial fixed-gear landings of Pacific halibut or sablefish in the waters off Alaska during 1988-1990.
Annually, NMFS issues eligible QS holders an IFQ fishing permit that authorizes participation in the IFQ fisheries. Those to whom IFQ permits are issued may harvest their annual allocation at any time during the eight plus-month IFQ halibut and sablefish seasons.
The IFQ program is a complex management program authorized by federal regulations at 50 CFR Part 679.
- eLandings: Make landings for IFQ/CDQ halibut and sablefish. (Operations and users must be registered to use this on-line reporting program)
- eFISH: Check a permit or vessel balance; print an IFQ or Hired Master permit; print a receipt for a previous landing; make an ex-vessel volume and value report; renew an annual registered buyer permit; pay cost-recovery fees; pay observer program fees; view an IFQ landing ledger report; view a registered buyer landing ledger report and a quota share holdings report; print annual permits; report a Guided Angler Fish (GAF) landing and check a GAF permit balance; report a landing (in cases where eLandings may not be used); submit out-of-state IFQ landings.
- Applications and Forms
- Recordkeeping and Reporting Forms
- Permits and Licenses
- Regulations and Rules and Notices
- Allocations and Landings
- Cost Recovery Fee Payment (due January 31) and Fee Notices
- Cost Recovery and Fee Programs
- Fisheries Monitoring and Reporting
- Program Management Reports
- FMP Amendments
- Seabird Bycatch
- Fishery Seasons
- Loan Information
- Fishery Management Areas, Zones and Boundaries
Related Programs and Services
- Guided Angler Fish (GAF) Program
- Community Development Quota (CDQ) Halibut Program and Permits
- Community Quota and License Program and Community Quota Entities
- Joint Sablefish Log Collection Program
- North Pacific Fishery Management Council
- Sitka Sound Local Area Management Plan (LAMP)